Using wood for cooking leads to deforestation and air pollution that can cause or exacerbate health problems. For many poor people, obtaining wood is either time-consuming or expensive. Where conflicts have led to displaced people, wood shortages can become acute, leading to often violent clashes between locals and refugees. For many refugee women this makes collecting wood a high-risk activity.
The distribution of particles in the atmosphere controls various properties of clouds and the Earth’s climate. Therefore it’s vitally important to understand the processes by which these particles form, and how this could change in the future.
The project’s principle aim will be the restoration of 235 acres (95 hectares) of cleared forest in South Nandi, which is part of a forest complex that is home to an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area and the endangered Turner’s Eremomela (Eremomela turneri).
Over the weekend of 8th and 9th March, volunteers from UBoC, the Leeds Ecosystem, Atmosphere and Forest (LEAF) research centre, and academics from the University of Leeds joined forces with the Forestry Commission and successfully planted 4000 oak trees in the Lake District.
The tree planting was part of a push by the Forestry Commission to restore cleared felled upland commercial woodlands back to semi-natural woodlands.
New research from UBoC scientists indicates that molecules emitted by plants may be having a cooling effect on the planet.
Trees take in carbon dioxide, and give out oxygen – but they also emit other, highly reactive, gases into the air (such as monoterpenes). These gases react with other compounds, like ozone, forming more complicated molecules which are able to stick onto particles in the atmosphere, helping them to grow larger. This is important because particles have to reach a certain size before they are able to interact with sunlight in the atmosphere or form cloud droplets.
The United Bank of Carbon (UBoC) is working with partners and seeks information on engineering challenges for off-grid communities in the developing world to help aid the design of green technologies that can make a real difference to people’s lives.
Congratulations to Cicada for taking home gold and silver at the Yorkshire Chartered Institute of Public Relations (CIPR) PRide Awards.
A new project funded by the Natural Environment Research Council will improve our understanding of past and ongoing changes to the hydrological cycle in the Amazon. The project will combine novel and existing data, with complimentary modelling techniques to understand ongoing and past trends of the Amazon hydrological cycle in order to help predict what to expect in the future.
A new high-resolution map of global forest loss and gain has been created using Google Earth Engine. With a resolution of 30 meters, the map clearly shows forest loss and gain for the period 200-2012, based on 650,000 satellite images by Landsat 7.