The Collaboration for Integrated Research, Conservation and Learning (CIRCLE) was established by the University of York’s Environment Department in 2010, and is based at Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo, North Yorkshire.


CIRCLE’s vision and mission is to develop a sustainable future for both wildlife and people and to use scientific evidence to guide biodiversity conservation, animal welfare and public understanding of the natural world.

Work in Africa is a major focus of CIRCLE.  Through the Udzungwa Forest Project in Tanzania, CIRCLE  is working with forest managers and villagers to protect forests through active management, education, capacity building, and lobbying. UBoC and CIRCLE have developed a partnership on key areas of mutual interested. These include a project to try and better understand the level of interest in forest and conservation education in schools throughout the York region, as well as leveraging funding for the Udzungwa Forest Project.

An breif update on the UBoC-CIRCLE relationship can be found here.


“We are very proud to say that within two years of creation, CIRCLE’s award-winning work has already improved protection of threatened forest, has increased environmental and financial sustainability in African villages, and has enhanced native species conservation and animal welfare in British zoos”
Dr Andy Marshall, Director of CIRCLE

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United Bank of Carbon is a not-for-profit collaboration between businesses and environmental scientists, which protects and restores forests and other greenery, through environmentally and socially-responsible partnerships with local communities. We undertake research, support forest and woodland projects in the UK and the tropics that deliver CSR/PR benefits, provide carbon reduction advice, and help to arrange compensation for unavoidable carbon emissions